Olomouc

Spiritual metropolis

The best of Olomouc

  • Olomouc Town Hall with Astronomical Clock
  • Holy Trinity Column (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
  • Richly decorated Archbishop’s Palace
  • Holy Hill (Svaty Kopecek) - monumental pilgrimage site

OLOMOUC – “Spiritual metropolis”

Olomouc is exceptional in its concentration of churches, chapels, palaces and monasteries. As the spiritual metropolis of Moravia for one thousand years, the town offers a uniquely magical atmosphere. Thanks to its location, ancient university buildings, and spiritual, cultural and craft traditions, Olomouc had always been one of the most significant royal cities in the Bohemian Kingdom. For centuries, Olomouc was the natural centre of the Moravia region and favoured by artists, scholars and traders. 

The city is dominated by the unique Baroque style. Its defining features are the Holy Trinity Column (a UNESCO World Heritage Site) which stands in the central square, the Town Hall with its Tower and Astronomical Clock, and the magnificent neo-gothic St. Wenceslas Cathedral, with the tallest church spire in Moravia and the second tallest in the Czech Republic. Other interesting monuments include the thousand-year-old Romanesque Bishop's Palace, which blends into the complex of the Archdiocesan Museum, and the Church of St. Maurice, containing the second largest organ in Central Europe and offering a superb view of the city from its medieval tower. A popular tourist attraction is the Archbishop's Palace, the site of the coronation of the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph I. 

Olomouc has also been called a “pearl in green” thanks to its lush municipal parks and botanical gardens surrounding the old town centre.

Yet another impressive sight is the Olomouc Fortress, constructed in the 18th and 19th centuries to stave off attacks by the Prussian army. 

With 100,000 inhabitants, Olomouc today is the beating heart of the Haná region and the 6th largest city in the Czech Republic. After Prague, it is the second largest National Historic Reserve. Olomouc has also been called a “pearl in green” thanks to its lush municipal parks and botanical gardens surrounding the old town centre.

The landscape around Olomouc has a mainly lowland character, interwoven with flowering gardens and golden fields of corn. It belongs to the warmest and most fertile region of the Czech Republic, famed for its regional delicacies, folk traditions and distinctive dialect. A concert of aromas, tastes and colours is held every week in the outdoor markets, right in the historic town centre, where the best produce from local farmers is on offer.